ESG stands for Environmental, Social, and Governance. It is a framework to evaluate and measure a company or organisation's sustainability and ethical performance. The ESG factors encompass environmental aspects (such as climate change, resource use, and pollution), social factors (such as employee relations, community impact, and human rights), and governance factors (such as board structure, executive compensation, and transparency). ESG considerations are increasingly important for investors, stakeholders, and organisations aiming to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and responsible business practices.